A TREATY OF FRIENDSHIP
Between his Catholic Majesty, the great King of the Spains and the Indies, on the one part, represented by Don Manuel Gayoso de Lemos, £of the royal armies, Governor of the fort and the district of the Natchez, and on the other, Tascaduca, King of the Chickasaw nation, and Franchimastabia; principal chief of the Choctaw nation, accompanied by Yteleghana, Stonahuma, Tapenahuma, and Noesahuma Ach, all chiefs, and in presence of many captains and warriors of both nations, who came to the same fort voluntarily, and being assembled before the said Governor, of all the officialty, the persons in employ, and many £neighbors, promised reciprocally, perpetual friendship between the people of the three nations, Spanish, Chickasaw, and Choctaw; and that nothing might in future disturb or change this good harmony, they agreed unanimously on the following articles:
ARTICLE 1. That all the individuals of the Spanish, Chickasaw, and Choctaw nations, shall love one another reciprocally, and shall give prompt information to each other of whatever may be favorable or adverse to each in particular, and all in general.
ARTICLE 2. That, to remove every motive of discord, which in future times might occur about limits, the Chicka saw and Choctaw nations acknowledge that the limits of the dominions of his Majesty in the neighborhood of their territory, on the western side, begin on the river Mississippi, at the mouth of the river Yasu, and ascending the said river along the middle of its waters, till it comes near the place called Juego de la Pelota, where the £nation by agreement with the Choctaw nation, marked a dividing, line, which continued till it entered West Florida, and following the said line from the said Juego de la Pelota, till it meets those which separate the rest of the dominions of his Catholic Majesty from the Alibamones and Talipuche nations.
ARTICLE 3. The said Chickasaw and Choctaw nations declare, that all the lands which are to the south and to the west of the said line, belong indisputably to his Catholic Majesty, great King of the Spains and Indies, without that, that they for themselves or their descendants have any right to them, nor at any time may reclaim them under any pretext or motive it may be, and moreover they promise to support the Spanish nation in possession of the said lands, in which are especially comprehended the government and territory of the Natchez, as far as the waters of the Yasu.
ARTICLE 4. The Spanish nation declares and acknowledges that all the lands to the east of the said dividing line of the 2d article belong lawfully and indisputably to the Chickasaw and Choctaw nations, promising to support them therein with all their power.
ARTICLE 5. The Chickasaw and Choctaw nations shall preserve a most particular harmony with the Governor General of Louisiana and both Floridas, with the particular of the Natchez, and with the commandants of the other forts and posts of the dominions of his Catholic Majesty in this part of the world, to regulate among them the subjects of commerce and police, which may be for the reciprocal benefit and utility of the three mentioned nations.
ARTICLE 6. The said two nations leave, to the determination of the Governor of the Natchez the making them a generous demonstration, for the good will with which they have ceded all their rights to the territory of the Nogales, (in English, Walnut hills) joining to the Yasu, and within the dividing line mentioned in the 2d article.
ARTICLE 7. The Governor of the Natchez promises to make a corresponding present, in the name of his Catholic Majesty, to the chiefs present; and to the end that they may distribute them among the other individuals whom they may think entitled, in order to give them this proof the more of the generosity of the Spanish nation, and of the good. harmony which they desire to preserve with the Indian nations their neighbors, and to the end that this condition may not be in suspense, he delivers at present to the said chiefs the keys of the royal magazines, in which are the goods; that they may take from them what they desire, to their satisfaction.
ARTICLE 8. The said chiefs before named, acknowledge themselves satisfied with the goods which they have in their power, with the keys in their hands of the said magazines, having already seen what is in them.
ARTICLE 9. Finally, the Chickasaw and Choctaw nations confirm and promise that they will be the constant friends of the Spanish nation, and to observe towards it whatever was covenanted at the congress of Mobile, and whatever they have since covenanted with the Governors General of Louisiana and the two Floridas, and with the particular of the district of the Natchez; and the Spanish nation promises them equally perpetual friendship, and to observe all the conditions covenanted in the said congress of Mobile, and whatsoever the said Governors have promised them since.
In proof of which, we promise to hold and keep whatsoever is expressed in the present treaty; we sign it, all the said Indian chiefs, Tascaotuca, Franchimastabia, Yteleghana, Stonahuma, Tapenahuma, and Noesahumaacho, putti our marks with the said don Manuel Gayoso de Lemos, colonel of the royal armies, Governor, military and # the fort of the Natchez and its district, and the witnesses present, who in addition also sign it; sealed with the royal seal, and countersigned by the underwritten secretary, don Joseph Vidal, being assembled in congress in the parochial church called the Savior of the World, of the said fort of the Natchez, on ’14th of May, 1790. The seal. Manuel Gayoso de Lemos, The King of the Chickasaws, Franchimastabia, Yteleghana, Stonahuma, Tapena huma, Noeshumaacho, Carlos de Grand Pré, Blasdu Bouchet, Estevan Minor, Turner Brashears, Ryan Bruin, Gregorio. White, Ygnacio Lopez, Augustin Macarty, Jorge Cochran, Francisco Candel, Luis Faure, Juan Girault, Carlos Todd, Ebenezer Fulson, Antonio Soler, Jorge Tompson, Guillermo Wushthoff, Jaime M*Farlend, Elias Smith, Kinneth Thompson. By order of his seignory: Joseph Vidal.